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Timeline: HIV and AIDS
HIV/AIDS | WHO | Regional Office for Africa
Territory is returned to the Dutch in ; ceded to the British in Late s - Boers proclaim the Transvaal a republic. Conflict ends with a negotiated peace. Transvaal is restored as a republic. Mid s - Gold is discovered in the Transvaal, triggering the gold rush.
History of the HIV in South Africa
AIDS , byname and acronym of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome , transmissible disease of the immune system caused by the human immunodeficiency virus HIV. On June 5, , the U. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC published a report describing a rare lung infection known as Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in five homosexual men in Los Angeles.
From through , numbers of HIV infections were calculated using back-calculation methodology. From through , HIV infections were estimated from a statistical method that applied a stratified extrapolation approach using results from a test for recent HIV infection and HIV testing history data collected by jurisdictions that conducted HIV incidence surveillance. Since the early days, when its surveillance was critical to laying the foundation for a public health response, CDC has provided surveillance, innovative science, and guidance to partners to understand, prevent, and treat HIV. It is a testament to the work of CDC and its many partners that the annual number of new HIV infections has remained stable over the past decades, at levels much lower than in years past.