While the majority of people identify as heterosexual, there is a sizable population of people within the United States who identify as homosexual, bisexual, pansexual, asexual, or other non-hetero sexualities. Bisexual people are attracted to people of their own gender and another gender; pansexual people experience attraction in which sex, gender identity, or gender expression do not play a role; asexual people do not experience sexual attraction or have little or no interest in sexual activity, and demisexual people require an emotional connection in order to develop sexual attraction. Both demisexuality and asexuality exist on a spectrum. Figure 1. Issues of sexual orientation have long fascinated scientists interested in determining what causes one individual to be straight while another is gay. For many years, people believed that these differences arose because of different socialization and familial experiences.
Behind the TIME Cover Story: Beyond 'He' or 'She'
Gender and Sex – Transgender and Intersex – Introduction to Women, Gender, Sexuality Studies
When it comes to public understanding and acceptance of various gender identities and orientations , much-needed discussions are finally being had. And to top it all off, what does sexual orientation have to do with any of it? Three sex and gender therapists and experts break it all down here. As sex therapist Kelly Wise, Ph. Wise says. For trans folks, their gender identity does not match what was assigned at birth. Gender fluid describes someone whose gender fluctuates and may have different gender identities at different times.
The Sociology of Gender
How is gender different from sex? According to sociologists, sex is biological, while gender is socially constructed. Sociologists study how gender socialization occurs and have found that people often face strong social pressures to follow societal gender norms. However, as the rich diversity of gender identities and expressions makes clear, gender does not necessarily follow sex in the ways we are socialized to expect. Gender activities emerge from and bolster claims to membership in a sex category.
The social construction of gender is a theory in feminism and sociology about the manifestation of cultural origins, mechanisms, and corollaries of gender perception and expression in the context of interpersonal and group social interaction. Specifically, the social construction of gender stipulates that gender roles are an achieved "status" in a social environment, which implicitly and explicitly categorize people and therefore motivate social behaviors. An intimately related, though notably distinct matter in feminist theory is the relationship between the ascribed status of biological sex - male and female ; and their achieved status counterparts in gender- masculine and feminine.